The Erasmus program , acronym of the official name in English E or R opean Community A ction S cheme for the M obility of U niversity S tudents (Plan of Action of the European Community for the Mobility of University Students) is a management plan various general government which supports and facilitates academic mobility of students and university professors within the Member States of the European Economic Area , Switzerland and Turkey .
Created in 1987 on the initiative of the student association AEGEE Europe , founded by Franck Biancheri (later president of the trans – party Newropeans ) and promoted and subsequently sponsored by the European Commissioner for Education of the Delors Commission , Manuel Marin , with special support the president of the French Republic , François Mitterrand and the Government of Spain , Felipe González , 1 2 3 program was integrated in 1995 in the larger plan called Socrates , developed since 2000 in the plan Sócrates II .
Oriented higher education , aims to ” improve the quality and strengthen the European dimension of higher education by encouraging transnational cooperation between universities , encouraging mobility in Europe and improving the transparency and full academic recognition of studies and qualifications throughout the Union “. The acronym was created to match in his honor, with the name in Latin of the philosopher , theologian and humanist Desiderius Erasmus ( 1465 – 1536).
In 2007 the Socrates II program entered its third phase called LLL (acronym of Lifelong Learning ) and will have a budget of 7000 million euros for the period between 2007 and 2013. This program in turn is based on four sub – programs: Comenius , Erasmus, Leonardo da Vinci and Grundtvig . 4
Until 2199 higher level academic institutions participating in the Erasmus initiative in 31 countries involved in the Socrates program.
Erasmus for students
The prerequisites for students to participate in the Erasmus program are to be pursuing a college career or higher level and have completed their first year of training. They must be citizens of one of the member states associated to the Socrates program.
Students selected for the Erasmus program will attend their studies for a period of between three months and one year in another European country that counted and will be recognized at their university of origin once they return.
Students can also apply for a scholarship Erasmus as financial aid for the extra cost of living abroad. In all countries support classes offered in the language of the country to facilitate student integration into the host nation.
Sponsored by the European Commission and approved by Decision 2317 / EC of the Parliament and the Council of the European Union on December 5, 2003, is an important strategic line of the European Commission for the internationalization and modernization of universities and degrees and the protection and promotion of academic excellence. 5
The amount of the Erasmus scholarship in Spain
The Erasmus scholarship has three main components. First, all Erasmus students receive a grant from the European Union of about 110 euros per month. Nationally, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport also gave grants to Erasmus students from 185 euros per month maximum, depending on the economic situation of each student, which as of October 29, 2013 was changed, andcan receive this contribution only it has been a recipient of a grant from the Ministry in the previous year, a change that was welcomed with great discrepancy to be retroactive, forcing thousands of Erasmus Spanish settled in their destination to consider the return to Spain for failing to meet the cost. Finally, some Autonomous Communities also grant aid whose amount depends on each region. 6 In total, Erasmus students can gather between 200 and 800 euros per month, depending on their family ‘s financial situation and the autonomous community in which you reside.
More Erasmus Initiative
Fraternité 2020 is registered by the European Commission on 9 May 2012. Initiative Your goal is to get 3% of the EU budget is dedicated to programs such as Erasmus from 2014 (the current rate is 1.2%) . To succeed, you need to gather 1 million signatures until November 2013.
The “Erasmus experience”
For many Europeans and other nationalities university Erasmus and Erasmus Mundus programs offer the opportunity to live for the first time in a foreign country. For this reason it has become a social and cultural phenomenon, being enormously popular among students and becoming even subject of films and French film L’Auberge Espagnole ( L’Auberge Espagnole ) (in Argentina, the film Flat share ) , in which the experience of six Erasmus students recounted during their stay in Barcelona ( Spain ) in a shared flat and as discover how far the identity of Europe exists through a certain heterogeneity. On the other hand, in 2012, “it was published that year Erasmus ” book in which the adventures of a student in Brussels donostiarra, reaching deeper into the feelings that arise in the Erasmus student narrated.
The program not only encourages learning and understanding of the culture and customs of the host country but also the sense of community among students from different countries. Erasmus experience is considered a time of learning and promoting social life. The “Erasmus parties” held in the host cities are known in university settings throughout Europe for being boisterous and multilingual events.
The importance of this program has overflowed the European academic world, being recognized as an important element to promote cohesion and understanding of the EU among young people.This has made avenges coining the term “Erasmus generation” to distinguish those college students through this experience have created bonds of friendship border, possessing a clear European citizenship. Erasmus exchange program of the European Union has been awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation 2004 as one of the most important programs of cultural exchanges in the history of mankind.