European Commissioner for Research
The research and innovation in the European Union are considered by the European Commission as a means to create jobs, prosperity and quality of life.
Framework Programme for Research and Development
The European Union (EU) produces much of the world ‘s knowledge, however , is lagging behind North America and Japan , as the marketing of such knowledge is concerned. Therefore the EU will increase spending on research, so that in 2010 , reaching 3% of GDP of the union. 1 On this point the commissioner of EU research , Janez Potocnik , presumed that this goal will not be achieved because until 2005 there had been no real efforts. 2
EU draws up every so often the “Framework Programmes” Research. So from 2007 to 2013 is running the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7).
Horizon 2020 program
2020 is the largest program of research and innovation in the European Union with a budget of almost € 80 billion for 2014-2020, as a successor to the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7). Its main objective is to ensure the global competitiveness of Europe. Through coordinated financial support research and innovation , Horizon 2020 supports excellence scientific, the leading industrial and solutions to social challenges 3 .
With funding from the EU funded research on nuclear fusion , alternative to nuclear fission through project ITER whose reactor will be built in Cadarache ( France ).
Moreover, the European awards to solar energy is an award given annually by the European Union, rewards initiatives in favor of environmental conservation and support of solar energy. The prize is awarded in several categories based on the different initiatives, whether individual or social. 4